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Conjunctions in IELTS

IELTS involves a huge chunk of right grammar while speaking and writing modules by accessing their grammar and accuracy. There is 25% of marking criteria that depends on score, it is not just about using right grammar but it is also important to use the right structure of sentences to get a high score. To transform or increase the score card one can use conjunctions to make complex sentences. In IELTS cohesion and coherence is enhanced due to conjunctions, which adds to 25% of marking criteria.

Here are basic examples: Simple sentence is just one independent clause, the number of clauses used in sentences is equal to the number of finite verbs in it.

TIP: Infinitives and +ing forms are not finite verbs.

Example: Government investment in the arts is a waste of money.

Complex sentences contain an independent clause and minimum one dependent clause, an independent clause can stand out as a sentence in itself and make a complete thought but a dependent clause can’t stand alone in-spite of the fact that it contains a subject and a verb.

Example: Although I love art galleries (dependent clause), I believe government investment in the arts is a waste of money (independent clause).

Use Conjunctions to Make Complex Sentences:

The IELTS candidates are expected to use a variety of structures while writing and speaking to express their grammatical knowledge of sentences and right structure formations.

One can transform their simple sentences in to complex sentences by using co-coordinating and

subordinating conjunctions.

What are conjunctions?

Conjunctions are words that link two parts of a sentence or separate phrases within a sentence. Co-ordinating conjunctions, such as ‘and’, ‘but’, and ‘or’ are used to join two parts of a sentence that are grammatically equal.

Subordinating conjunctions are used to join a dependent clause to an independent clause.  They are the essential ingredient in a complex sentence. Subordinating conjunctions usually come at the beginning of the subordinate clause.

The two parts may be single words or clauses. Co-ordinating conjunctions always come between the words or clauses that they join.

Example: I like art galleries, but I don’t think they should be government funded.